We at TellerAfrica wish Mauritania A Happy Independence Day.
When is Mauritania Independence Day?
Mauritania Independence day is celebrated every November 28th.
It is the National Day of Mauritania and commemorates independence from France on November 28th 1960.
Road To Independence
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa. The country derives its name from Berber tribes that migrated to the region from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania.
Mauritania came under French control in the late 19th century as France expanded its influence in the area during the so-called ‘scramble for Africa’. France established Mauritania as a colonial territory in 1904, though it wasn’t until 1912 that local resistance was fully quelled.
Mauritania was part of French West Africa from 1920, initially as a protectorate and, then becoming a colony.
Like the other French territories in the region, Mauritania became increasingly autonomous after the end of the second world war. It became self-governing in 1958 and on November 28th 1960 it gained full independence from France, with Nouakchott as its capital and Moktar Ould Daddah as the first president.
On November 28th 2017, the 57th anniversary of independence, Mauritania adopted its new flag, which added two red stripes. The amendment to the design was part of changes in a referendum was held by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz in August of that year. The stripes represent “the efforts and sacrifices that the people of Mauritania will keep consenting, to the price of their blood, to defend their territory.”
Did you know?
- A majority of the population of Mauritania depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though most of the nomads and many subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s.
- Mauritania was the last country to legally abolish slavery; it only became punishable as a criminal act in 2007.
- 1960, the Republic of Mauritania became independent of France.
- In the Middle Ages, Mauritania was the cradle of the powerful Almoravid dynasty, which spread Islam across North Africa and later controlled Islamic Spain.
- The most famous landmark in the capital, Port de Pêche, is a colorful and buzzing boardwalk and fishing port on the west side of Nouakchott.
- Mauritania’s coast is essentially one long sandy beach that’s almost devoid of vegetation, but supports an astonishingly varied population of birds.
- Kediet ej Jill at 915 meters (3,002 feet) above sea level is the highest peak in Mauritania.
- Nouakchott is the capital and largest city of Mauritania. It is one of the largest cities in the Sahara. The city also serves as the administrative and economic centre of Mauritania.
- Mauritania is rich in mineral resources, especially iron and ore.
- The official name of the country is the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
- The terrain in Mauritania is mostly barren, flat desert, with some hills in the centre of the country. Sahara Desert covers 2/3 of the country!
- The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria.